Lithography is a method of printing originally based on the immiscibility of oil and water. The printing is from a stone or a metal plate with a ball grained surface. It was invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works. Lithography can be used to print text or artwork onto paper or other suitable material.
The Advantages of Lithographic Printing
One major advantage of the lithography is that the soft rubber surface of the blanket creates a clear impression on a wide variety of paper surfaces and materials. Lithography printing is easily recognised by its smooth print, as well as by the lack on any impression or ring of ink or serrated edges that are characteristic of letterpress or gravure printing. Lithography has equipment for short, medium, and long press runs. Sheet-fed lithography is used for printing advertising, brochures, catalogues, leaflets, direct mail inserts, vouchers, and art reproduction.